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Questions & Answers

The following are facts about COVID-19 vaccinations based on the latest information posted on the CDC’s COVID-19 website and New Jersey’s COVID Hub. Information is grouped accordingly:

Rowan Medicine Vaccination Center Information Line: 888-253-9133


Vaccinations will be distributed in phases according to NJ Department of Health guidelines. Please visit the N.J. COVID-19 Information Hub to learn more about which distribution phase the state is in and who is currently eligible to receive a vaccine.

At Rowan’s vaccination center, vaccinations will be given by appointment only, Monday through Friday, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Please visit to register online.

Vaccination should be deferred until recovery from acute illness and criteria have been met to discontinue isolation. Because current information suggests reinfection is uncommon within 90 days after initial infection, individuals with a documented acute COVID-19 infection may defer vaccination until the end of that 90-day period.

The N.J. Department of Health sets the criteria for who is eligible to receive the vaccine.  The list of people who are eligible to receive the vaccine can be found at A full list of all eligibility categories can be found at the N.J. COVID-19 Information Hub.

Yes. The presence of antibodies means you became infected with the virus even though you may have been without symptoms (asymptomatic). At this time, we do not know how long those antibodies can protect you from becoming infected again. Vaccinations are recommended regardless of an individual’s history of prior symptomatic or asymptomatic COVID-19 infection. Clinical trials data suggest that vaccination is safe and effective in these individuals.

Please bring your state-issued identification card and your medical insurance card. To ensure the safety of you and others, you will be required to wear a face mask at the vaccination center and while receiving your vaccination.

The vaccine will be an intramuscular injection in your arm. Please wear clothing that will allow for easy access to the injection site.

The Rowan Medicine Vaccination Center is only distributing the Moderna vaccine. People who have received their first dose of the Moderna vaccine elsewhere can register for their second dose at our center. 

Please note, people who were vaccinated at Rowan College of South Jersey’s mega-center site, and who received the Pfizer vaccine, must return there for their second Pfizer injection, or another site that distributes the Pfizer vaccine.  


No. The current vaccines, called mRNA vaccines, do not contain SARS-CoV-2 and cannot give you COVID-19.

An mRNA vaccine causes our cells to make a harmless protein that is unique to the virus.  When these proteins are made, they are released and the immune system responds, creating lymphocytes that will remember how to fight the real virus if it appears in the future.

It typically takes one to two weeks for the body to build immunity after vaccination. That means it’s possible a person could be infected and get sick with the virus that causes COVID-19 just before or just after vaccination. This is because the vaccine has not had enough time to provide protection.

Both current vaccines being examined by the FDA require a second booster shot between three and four weeks of the initial vaccination. When you receive your initial vaccination, you will schedule your second appointment.

Yes. Sometimes after vaccination, the process of building immunity can cause symptoms, such as a fever, headache, fatigue and redness at the injection site. As with other types of vaccinations, these symptoms are normal and are a sign that the body is building immunity.

After getting your vaccination, you will need to rest at the vaccination center for 15 minutes to watch for any immediate reaction.

Large clinical trials involving tens of thousands of people indicate the vaccines are more than 90 percent effective after three months. While more research is needed, this appears to indicate that both vaccines can provide long-term protection against COVID-19. However, no vaccine is 100 percent effective.

It usually takes about one to two weeks for immunity to develop following vaccination, but the specific timeline for any coronavirus vaccine will depend to some extent on which type of vaccine it is.

Both vaccine doses are necessary for protection from COVID-19. The two vaccinations are administered approximately three weeks apart. The second dose will help optimize protection from the virus.

Sometimes after vaccination, the process of building immunity can cause symptoms, such as a fever, headache, fatigue and redness at the injection site. As with other types of vaccinations, these symptoms are normal and are a sign that the body is building immunity.

After getting your vaccination, you will need to rest at the vaccination center for 15 minutes to watch for any immediate reaction.

Reported side effects include:

  • injection site pain
  • tiredness
  • headache
  • muscle pain
  • chills
  • joint pain
  • fever
  • injection site swelling
  • injection site redness
  • nausea
  • feeling unwell
  • swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy)

Treat symptoms of fever or headache with over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) and apply ice to injection sites to reduce swelling or soreness. Contact your health care provider if symptoms persist beyond 12 hours or a fever exceeds 104 degrees.

If you experience a severe allergic reaction, call 9-1-1 or go to the nearest hospital. 

Call the vaccination provider or your health care provider if you have any side effects that bother you or do not go away.

Report vaccine side effects to FDA/CDC Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS). The VAERS toll-free number is 1-800-822-7967 or report online to: 

How can I learn more?

Ask your vaccination provider, visit the CDC’s COVID-19 website, visit the FDA’s Emergency Use Authorization website or contact your local or state health department.

Your COVID-19 vaccination information is retained as part of the New Jersey Immunization Information System (NJIIS). To request your information, go to this site and:

  • Scroll down and click on “I want to request a copy of my immunization record from NJIIS.” 
  • Fill out all required fields (note: enter Rowan Medicine for “Facility/Organization Name”).

The NJIIS will reply by calling you and then sending you a link to upload your photo ID. Once that is received, NJIIS will release your vaccination information to you.

If you have a known allergy to Poly-Ethylene Glycol (PEG), you will need a letter from your allergist or immunologist stating that you can receive the Moderna vaccine. Otherwise, please consider arranging to receive the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.

If you have a known allergy to Polysorbate, you will need a letter from your allergist or immunologist stating that you can receive the Moderna vaccine.

If you experience any of the following after receiving the first Moderna vaccine dose AND your doctor confirmed that the symptoms were caused by an allergy and NOT a vasovagal or anxiety related reaction, please discuss with your physician if you can receive the second dose of the Moderna vaccine. 

  • Feeling of impending doom
  • Intense, generalized itching, uticaria, or angioedema
  • Loss of consciousness, confusion, disorientation 
  • Shortness of breath, wheezing, stridor, or hypoxia that isn’t due to anxiety
  • Sudden drop in blood pressure, sustained increased in heart rate
  • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps

 If you experienced any of the above and you decide, or your doctor advises, not to get the second Moderna dose, you should wait 28 days before getting the single dose of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.


You will schedule an appointment to receive your second dose of the vaccine when you receive your first dose. You will receive a vaccination card to show when you return for your second dose. Remember to bring your card when you return. This will help ensure that you receive the second dose from the same vaccine maker.
There is no cost to you. If you are insured, your insurance company will pay any administrative costs associated with the vaccine distribution. If you are uninsured, any costs will be paid by the federal government.
The center will manage appointments and dispense of vacations in an orderly fashion. All possible measures are being taken at the center to prevent the further spread of COVID-19.


The FDA has authorized the emergency use of the COVID-19 vaccine in individuals 18 years of age and older for the Moderna vaccine in a multi-phase distribution approach. Visit the N.J. COVID-19 Information Hub and the CDC website for more information.
In early clinical trials for various COVID-19 vaccines, only non-pregnant adults participated. For this reason, the vaccine will not be available for use in children when it first becomes available. The groups recommended to receive the vaccines could change in the future.
There is currently no data on the safety of COVID-19 vaccines in pregnant women. However, mRNA vaccines do not contain the live virus and pregnancy appears to increase the risk of severe illness among women who contract COVID-19. Likewise, mRNA vaccines are not thought to be a risk to breastfeeding infants.

Yes. Given the currently limited information on how well the vaccine works in the general population, how much it may reduce disease, severity, or transmission, and how long protection lasts, it’s important to remain vigilant in your efforts to limit spread of the virus. 

Everyone receiving a vaccination should still follow all guidance to protect themselves and others, including wearing a mask, practicing social distancing, staying at least six feet away from others, avoiding crowds, washing hands frequently, and following quarantine guidance after exposure to someone with COVID-19.

If you previously tested positive for Covid-19, you can be vaccinated 14-days after a positive test and if you are asymptomatic. You may, however, wait up to 90 days since you will carry antibodies until then. If you received the monoclonal antibody treatment, the vaccine should be deferred at least 90 days. For more information, click here.


Age increases the risk of hospitalization and dying from COVID-19. For example, adults aged 50-64 years are four times more likely to be hospitalized and 30 times more likely to die from COVID-19 than adults aged 18-29 years.

Because COVID-19 is a new illness, there is still much we don’t know. However, research to date indicates that people of any age with the following conditions are at an increased risk of serious illness due to COVID-19:

  • Cancer
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • COPD
  • Heart Conditions
  • Obesity or severe obesity
  • Weakened immune system from an organ transplant
  • Pregnancy
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Smoking
  • Type 2 diabetes